Ghizer District

Introduction:
Ghizer District is the westernmost part of the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan. Its capital is Gahkuch. Ghizer is crossroads between Gilgit and Chitral and also to China, Tajikistan via Qurumber pass through Ishkomen/Darkut Yasin (which are connected via Shandur Pass). Ghizer is a multi-ethnic district and three major languages are spoken; shina, khowar and Burushaski. There are also Wakhi speakers in Ishkoman and some Tajiks.

the world Ghizer came form the name “Gherz” which means “refugees” in Khowar. “Gherz” is a village in Golaghmuli Valley, which is now known as Golaghmuli. Whenever the Chitral in the Suzerainty of the British Raj did forced some people to migrate towards Gupis. They were settled in the area between Chitral and Gupis and the area called Gherz and the people were called Gherzic. When Zulafiqar Ali Bhutto the President of Pakistan abolished the FCR system and had given another administrative district comprising the Tehsils (Political districts) the name Ghizer was given and agreed unanimously.

Ghizer District comprises Punial, Yaseen and Ishkoman Valleys. Te major portion of its area was ruled over by Brooshay Raja’s such as Raja Sha Burush, Khan bahadur Issa bahadur AKBER Khan, RAJA Anwar Khan, Raja Mirbaz Khan and last Broosh families Raja Jan Alam and Raja Muzafer (was living in Golodass also known as Anwerabad as its second name). Currently living Raja families in District have no administrative share but acting as a leading role in the development of society. Their linage goes back to Sha Burush. The Sha Burush Sha Katur and Sha Khushwaqt are three brothers. The Punial is famous of the polo game from the regional history. Historically these Rajas were the best polo players and had a polo team of giants. Historically two main characteristic of the dress of the folks of the Ghizer is Khoi and Shokah. Khoi which is the headgear, consist of homespun woolen cloths and Shokah is homespun woolen cloak reaching to ankle with long sleeves.

Geography:
District Ghizer is Northmost part of the Northern Areas and hence the extreme north of the country. It joins with Wakhan strip on its north-west, and China on its northern borders. On its west, there is Chitral District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa; and on its east is situated Gilgit. Diamer District is on its south, which is again a part of the Northern areas. Gakuch is the capital of the Ghizer District. Gupis has been serving as a junction between yasin and phander valley. It is the central place from all valleys like phandar, yasin. poniyal etc. The valley is located between the world greatest mountain ranges i.e. hindukush and karakarum.

The highest peak in Ghizer District is Koyo Zom (6,871 m) (Hindu Kush Range) which lies on the boundary of Ghizer District and Chitral.

Some of the main places in the district are Koh-i-Ghizer, Golaghmuli Valley, Ishkoman and Yasin valleys. Other places include Gupis, Chatorkhand, Imit and Utz.

Passes:
Some of the passes in the district are:

Shandur Pass (Punji-Lusht Plain between the boundary of Ghizer and Chitral District).
Qurumbar Pass, Chillingi Pass.
Hayal Pass and Naltar Pass (on the boundary of Ghizer and Gilgit Districts).
Bichhar Pass (on the boundary of Ghizer and Gilgit Districts).
Thoi Pass (on the boundary of Ghizer and Chitral Yarkhon).
Darkut Pass (on the boundary of Ghizer and Chitral).

Rivers:
The main river in the district is Ghizer River, which is comprises Gupis River and Ishkoman River; both meets at Hatoon valley at Hayim as the point of confluence. The other tributaries include Qurumbar River, Phakora River, Hayal River, Singul River and Yasin River also join the main stream at different points.

Lakes:
Handarap Lake
Phander Lake in Tehsil Phander
Khalti Lake
Karambar Lake
Baha Lake (Langar Khukush)
Shandur Lake

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