The Hunza is a mountainous valley in the Gilgit–Baltistan region of Pakistan. The Hunza is situated in the extreme northern part of Pakistan.
The first seat of power of the formerly Hunza State was Altit. Later it shifted to Baltit (modern-day Karimabad). Until the fall of princely state in 1974, Baltit served as political center of Hunza and hence its capital. Today, Baltit is one of the major tourist destinations in Hunza. The center of activities has however shifted to the nearby Aliabad, which is a commercial hub in the region and has most of the governmental infrastructure.
Upper Hunza-Gojal Valley
Upper Hunza comprises the Gojal tehsil of Hunza District. The main towns, villages and valleys are:
Gulmit, Shishket / shishket lake, Passu, Sost, Shimshal, Jamalabad, Gircha, Wakhi, Ghulkin, Hussaini (older names Sisoni/Ghusani), Borith, Chipursan, Ghalapan, Ispenj, Khudaabad, Khunjareb Pass, Khyber, Moorkhun, Migar, Misgar, Raminj, Kirmin, Reshit Khill, Shersabz, Shishkat (now Nazeemabad), Shitmerg, Yarzerech, Zoodkhoon
Lower Hunza comprises the parts of Aliabad tehsil of Hunza District. The main towns, villages and valleys are:
Nasirabad, Hussainabad, Khizerabad, Khanaabad
Khanabad is a small hamlet in the mountains of Lower Hunza between Mayon and Nasir Abad on the Karakoram Highway in Pakistan. In 1902, eight families from Nasirabad came to the place (the old name was Jhok Das) and built water channel with the help of stones (without machines) through the mountains. Then Mir of Hunza sent 4 families from central Hunza also and they were also settled there. Now, after 111 years, the population of the village is around 1850 and the number of households is around 280.
Central Hunza consists of the parts of Aliabad tehsil of Hunza District. The main towns, villages and valleys are:
Aliabad, Dourkhan, Karimabad, Baltit Fort, Altit, Altit Fort, Ahmedabad, Burusho, Ganish Village, Garelt, Hassanabad, Murtazaabad, Haiderabad, Salmanabad
Today, the Karakoram Highway crosses Hunza, connecting Pakistan to China via the Khunjerab Pass, which was blocked by the Attabad Lake north of Hunza is reopend using PAK-China Friends Ship Tunnels in 2016. Travelling up the valley from the south, Hunza is to the left, and the former state of Nagar to the right of the Hunza River. Regular bus and van services operate between Gilgit and Central Hunza (Ganish Village, Aliabad and Karimabad) and also between Gilgit and Sost Gojal. PTDC Office at Gilgit, Sost and Islamabad arranges tours and transport for visitors. NATCO (Northern Area’s Transport Co) runs a daily bus from Rawalpindi to Hunza.
Rakaposhi: Nagar Valley, 7,788 metres (25,551 ft)
Several high peaks rise above 6,000 metres (20,000 ft) in the Hunza valley. The valley provides views of several tall mountains, including Rakaposhi 7,788 metres (25,551 ft), Ultar Sar 7,388 metres (24,239 ft), Bojahagur Duanasir II 7,329 metres (24,045 ft), Ghenta Sar 7,090 metres (23,261 ft), Hunza Peak 6,270 metres (20,571 ft), Darmyani Peak 6,090 metres (19,980 ft), and Bublimating (Ladyfinger Peak) 6,000 metres (19,685 ft). A watch tower is located in heart of Ganish Village, Baltit Fort stands on top of Karimabad whereas Altit Fort lies somewhat lower down the valley on another outcrop.
The valley is popularly believed to be the inspiration for the mythical valley of Shangri-la in James Hilton’s 1933 novel Lost Horizon