Rohtas Fort is a historical garrison fort located near the city of Jhelum in Punjab, Pakistan. It was built under Afghan king Sher Shah Suri, to subdue the rebellious tribes of the northern Punjab region, in the 16th century. This fort is about 4 km in circumference. The Rohtas Fort was built to crush the local Ghakhar tribes of Potohar, who rebelled against the Sur dynasty after the Mughal emperor Humayun was ousted by the former.
It took eight years to build the fort, it was captured by Mughal emperor Humayun in 1555.Nadir Shah, the Turkic ruler of Persia, Afghan ruler Ahmed Shah Abdali and the Maratha army also camped here during their respective campaigns in the Punjab region. Rohtas was also occasionally used for administrative purposes by the Sikh ruler Ranjit Singh after he captured it in 1825.
The fort lies eight kilometers south to the present Grand Trunk Road near Dina City within the mountainous region of Jhelum, Pakistani Punjab. The old and historic Shahrah-e-Azam also passes adjacent to the outer northern wall of the fort, remains of which still visible on ground in the shape of pavements and rough roads. Qila Rohtas is situated in a gorge approximately 16 km NW of Jhelum and 9 km from Dina. It was constructed on a hillock where the tiny rainy Kahan river meets another rainy stream called Parnal Khas and turns east towards Tilla Jogian Range. The fort is about 300 feet (91 m) above its surroundings. It is 2,660 feet (810 m) above sea level and covers an area of 12.63 acres (51,100 m2).